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Smith CL Varoqueaux F, Kittelmann M, Azzam RN, Cooper B, Winters CA, Eitel M, Fasshauer D, Reese TS. Novel Cell Types, Neurosecretory cells, and Body Plan of Trichoplax adhaerens. Current Biology 24, 1–8


Osigus HJ, Eitel M, Schierwater B. Mitogenomics at the base of Metazoa. Molecular Phylogenetetics and Evolution 69(2): 339-51.

Eitel M, Osigus HJ, DeSalle R, Schierwater B. Global diversity of the Placozoa. PLOS ONE 8(4): e57131.

Nosenko T, Schreiber F, Adamska M, Adamski M, Eitel M, et al. Deep metazoan phylogeny: When different genes tell different stories. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 67(1): 223-33.

Ringrose JR, van den Toorn H, Eitel M, Schierwater B, Altelaar AFM, Heck AJR. Deep proteome profiling of Trichoplax adhaerens reveals remarkable features at the origin of metazoan multicellularity. Nature Communications 4: 1408.


Vij S, Ho HK, Babu D, Eitel M, Westbrook J, Schierwater B, Roy S. Evolutionarily ancient association of Foxj1 transcription factors with the motile ciliogenic program. PLOS Genetics 8(11): e1003019.

Osigus HJ, Eitel M, Schierwater B. Chasing the urmetazoon: Striking a blow for quality data? Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 66(2): 551–57.


Eitel M, Guidi L, Hadrys H, Balsamo M, Schierwater B. New insights into placozoan sexual reproduction and development. PLOS ONE 6(5): e19639.

Guidi L, Eitel M, Ceasrini S, Schierwater B, Balsamo M. Ultrastructural analyses support different morphological lineages in the Placozoa, Grell 1971. Journal of Morphology 272: 371-78.


von der Chevallerie K, Eitel M, Schierwater B.. Unexpected discovery of a warm water dweller, the placozoan Trichoplax, in Roscoff. Les Cahiers de Biologie Marine. 51(2): 212.

Vargas S, Eitel M, Breedy O, Schierwater B. Molecules match morphology: mitochondrial DNA supports Bayer’s Lytreia-Bebryce-Heterogorgia (Alcyonacea:
Octocorallia) clade hypothesis. Invertebrate Systematics 24: 23–31.

Eitel M, Schierwater B. The phylogeography of the Placozoa suggests a taxon-rich phylum in tropical and subtropical waters. Molecular Ecology 19: 2315–27.


Schierwater B, Kolokotronis SO, Eitel M, DeSalle R. The Diploblast-Bilateria sister hypothesis: Parallel evolution of nervous systems may have been a simple step. Communicative & Integrative Biology 2(5): 403-405.

DeJong D, Eitel M, Jakob W, Osigus HJ, Hadrys H, et al. Multiple Dicer Genes in the Early-Diverging Metazoa. Molecular Biology and Evolution 26(6): 1333–40.

Schierwater B, Eitel M, Jakob W, Osigus HJ, Hadrys H, Dellaporta SL, et al. Concatenated Analysis Sheds Light on Early Metazoan Evolution and Fuels a Modern „Urmetazoon“ Hypothesis. PLOS Biology 7: 36-44.

Published book chapters
Schierwater B, Eitel M. (2015) Placozoa. In: Wanniger A, editor. Evolutionary Developmental Biology of Invertebrates Vol. 1: Springer, pp. 107-114.

Eitel M, Jakob W, Osigus HJ, Paknia O, von der Chevallerie K, et al. (2014) Phylogenetics and Phylogenomics at the Root of the Metazoa. In: Bartholomaeus T, Wägele JW, editors. Deep Metazoan Phylogeny: The Backbone of the Tree of Life: De Gruyter. pp. 23-48.

Schierwater B, Eitel M, Osigus HJ, von der Chevallerie K, Bergmann T, et al. (2010) Trichoplax and Placozoa: one of the crucial keys to understanding metazoan evolution. In: DeSalle R, Schierwater B, editors. Key transitions in animal evolution: CRC Press. pp. 289-326.